Berlin The Brandenburg Gate (from 1791) has become the popular symbol of Berlin. The Reichstag became the seat of the German parliament again after 1990. Charlottenburg Palace (late C17) is the only royal residence inside Berlin. Victoria, Roman goddess of Victory, stands atop the Victory Column (1864-73). Berlin Cathedral, finished in 1905, sits on the site of previous churches. Bode Museum is one of the five major museums on Museum Island. Bombed Kaiser-Wilhelm Church was not rebult as a reminder of World War II. A new modern church, completed in 1963, rises from the ruins. Checkpoint Charlie was the best-known Berlin Wall crossing point. The checkpoint was the site of several serious Cold War confrontations. The Holocaust Memorial 2003-07) was designed to produce an uneasy feeling. The Chancellery (2001) is the largest government HQ building inthe world.